India’s water crisis is already here. Climate change will compound it.

Droughts and floods have pushed the nation’s leaky, polluted, and half-done water systems to the brink, writes James Temple.

A dire situation: More than 600 million Indians face “acute water shortages.” 70% of the country’s water supply is contaminated, causing an estimated 200,000 deaths a year. Almost half of the population will have no access to drinking water by 2030.

The cause: India gets more water than it needs, but capturing and delivering it to the right places at the right times is a huge engineering challenge. Agriculture, which uses 80% of the water, is hugely inefficient. It’s a problem that will only worsen with climate change.

What’s needed: India will need to totally overhaul how it uses water, while tackling the overlapping developmental, environmental, and economic challenges. Read the full story here.

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